PRoMs - The Production and Reading of Music Sources

Mise-en-page in manuscripts and printed books containing polyphonic music, 1480—1530

Manuscript: Modena, Italy, Archivio Storico Diocesano di Modena-Nonantola, MS Mus. IV

Manuscript type: choirbook

RISM siglum: I-MOd 4

DIAMM Source Key: 1435

Image repositories: ASDMN

Folio(s): All folios

Date: c. 1520-30

Location of origin: Modena, Italy


Copied in Modena, for use by the cathedral choir. Still held in original location.


Person: Anonymous, Anonymous
Person type: scribe
Note: Scribes D, F, G, H, I, J, K, L, M, N, O, P, Q, R, S, T, U


Crawford 1967, Dondi 1896, Jeppesen 1968–70, Kirsch 1977, Lerner 1961–70, Maas 1966, Picker 1977, Roncaglia 1957, Seay 1972–3

Basis for description: original

Modena, Italy, Archivio Storico Diocesano di Modena-Nonantola, MS Mus. IV, All folios

Physical description

Material: paper

Number of leaves: i + 120 + i

Format: upright

Page dimensions: 402 x 280

Quire structure: Text version

Other devices: 1. Modern pencil pagination top right corner.
2. Modern pencil foliation recto bottom right.

Page details (zoom):

Preparation and Copying

All folios


Disposition of Voice Parts Key

Pricking sometimes,
Visible only in gathering vii; probably trimmed off elsewhere
Ruled grid always,
Vertical bounding lines only; no text lines
Ruling pattern fairly regular
Staves omitted from grid never
Incomplete staves never
Medium and colour of grid Frequency Folios Note
hard point always
Colour of staves Frequency Folios Note
brown always
Ruling medium Frequency Folios Note
single rastrum often 19-22, 28-41, 65, 74, 88-97 Three different rastra: 19-22: 18.5 mm; 28-41, 65, 74: 21 mm; 88-97: 17 mm
double rastrum often 1-18, 23-27, 42-64, 66-73, 75-87, 98-120 Five different rastra: 1r-13v: 17+17.5 mm, interspace 15.5 mm; 14r-18v, 23r-27v: 16+17 mm, interspace 15 mm; 42r-43v, 48r-51v, 54r-61v, 68r-71v: 17.5+17 mm, interspace 12 mm; 44r-47v, 52r-53v, 62r-64v, 66r-67v, 72r-73v, 75r-v: 21+22 mm, interspace 15.5 mm; 76r-87v, 98r-120v: 16.5+17 mm, interspace 14.75 mm
Indentation for initials Frequency Folios Note
none always Sometimes text and music indented over ruled staves to accommodate initials
Extra space between voice parts Frequency Folios Note
empty ruled staves on grid often
Space provided for separate text Frequency Folios Note
no separate text always
Adhoc adaptation Frequency Folios Note
notation and staves extended into margin occasionally
made for complete additional staves occasionally 2r, 3v, 11r, 12r, 13r, 60v, 98v

Copying of text and music

Language(s) French, Latin
Order of Copying music first
Presence/absence of text Voice part Frequency Folios Note
fully texted with one text all voice parts normally
provided with single incipit all voice parts occasionally 45v–50r, 60v–61r, 74v–75r and 97v–98r
provided with one or two incipits all except discantus rarely 54v–60r and 69v–71r
untexted all voice parts rarely 96v
Colour(s) of notation brown
Type(s) of notation void mensural
Type of notation note rhomboid or teardrop shaped notation, very wide variety (17 different hands)
Monophonic notation absent
Level of calligraphy fair
Non verbal performance instructions Folios Note
signes-de-renvoi rarely
Types of script cursive
Types of script note wide variety (17 hands), variously with italic, bastarda, or textura elements
Level of calligraphy fair
Colour(s) of text brown
Multiple texts yes
occasionally in strophic works
Text repetitions few
Abbreviations some
Non underlaid vocal text none
Liminary text Voice-names, Tacet indications, canonic instructions, variously depending on scribe


Level of Decoration fair
Decoration initial type Frequency Folios Initial type(s) Size position Description Discrepancies
penned initials normally calligraphic , calligraphic with grotesque heads
Other decoration frequency Folios Other decoration type(s) Size position Description Discrepancies
often Voice-names Above or in front of notation Large and embellished voice-names, often with calligraphic initials