PRoMs - The Production and Reading of Music Sources

Mise-en-page in manuscripts and printed books containing polyphonic music, 1480—1530

Manuscript: Verona, Italy, Biblioteca Capitolare, MS DCCLIX

Manuscript type: choirbook

RISM siglum: I-VEcap 759

DIAMM Source Key: 973

Folio(s): All folios

Date: c. 1480-1490

C. 1480-90 (Kanazawa 1975), with additions extending into first quarter of 16th century.

Location of origin: Verona, Italy


Person: Anonymous, Anonymous
Person type: scribe

Basis for description: original

Verona, Italy, Biblioteca Capitolare, MS DCCLIX, All folios

Physical description

Material: paper

Number of leaves: iii + 98 + iii

Format: upright

Page dimensions: 442 x 330

Quire structure: Text version

Other devices: 1. Modern library foliation top right, 1-98

Page details (zoom):

Preparation and Copying

All folios


Disposition of Voice Parts Key

Pricking always,
top and bottom of vertical lines, three in outside margins (bottom stave 1, top stave 4, top stave 10). Partly trimmed off.
Ruled grid always,
single line to left and right, text on single line, added after staves only where needed
Ruling pattern highly regular
11 pentagrams, ruled freehand, sometimes slightly uneven, not parallel, varying in distance
Staves omitted from grid never
Incomplete staves never
Medium and colour of grid Frequency Folios Note
lead point always
Colour of staves Frequency Folios Note
black always
Ruling medium Frequency Folios Note
single rastrum always two rastra used in alternation, but not a double rastrum
Indentation for initials Frequency Folios Note
none always
Extra space between voice parts Frequency Folios Note
staves not ruled on grid often
Space provided for separate text Frequency Folios Note
no separate text always
Adhoc adaptation Frequency Folios Note
notation extended into margin sometimes
notation and staves extended into margin rarely

Copying of text and music

Language(s) Latin
Higlighting none
Order of Copying music first
Colour(s) of notation black
Colour of notation folios all
Type(s) of notation void mensural
Type of notation note rhomboid, slightly falling off to the right, uneven and varying in size and aesthetic appeal. Ff. 1r, 41v-50r, 89v-97r rounder, 50v-65v, 74v-76r fully rounded, but all the same scribe. Some additions (eg ff. 19v-20r) possibly by different scribe
Monophonic notation present
Intonations, occasionally, square notation as black breves
Level of calligraphy fair
Level of calligraphy note poor in additions
Line fillers Folios Note
Later changes Folios
Substantial number of additions on blank spaces or pages, codex grew over time, possibly by putting together separate quires and adding music in the gaps thus created
Types of script textura
Types of script note Italian textura, additions cursive
Level of calligraphy fair,
medium to high, addition often low. Quite variable in size and quality
Colour(s) of text black
Multiple texts yes
Text repetitions none
Abbreviations very many
Non underlaid vocal text additional
extra strophes in some hymn sections
Liminary text Some composer ascriptions, some indication of function/feastday in liturgical settings. Occasional "verte" indications and performance instructions (Tacet, cross-references). On 1-31 in red, within preplanned mise-en-page, very neat; later on more casual, in margins or wherever there is space. Voice designation for all voices except D in large display script upright in margin


Level of Decoration poor
Decoration initial type Frequency Folios Initial type(s) Size position Description Discrepancies
penned initials normally calligraphic small cadels with modest penwork, in margin as no indents. Almost always only D initial, remaining voices with part names in large display script upright in margin