PRoMs - The Production and Reading of Music Sources

Mise-en-page in manuscripts and printed books containing polyphonic music, 1480—1530

Manuscript: Casale Monferrato, Italy, Archivio Capitolare, Fondo Musicale 2 (olim L(B))

Manuscript type: choirbook

RISM siglum: I-CMac FM 2

DIAMM Source Key: 3229

Folio(s): All folios

Location of origin: Casale Monferrato, Italy


Made for Casale Monferrato Cathedral; still in situ.


Person: Anonymous, Anonymous
Person type: scribe

Basis for description: original

Casale Monferrato, Italy, Archivio Capitolare, Fondo Musicale 2 (olim L(B)), All folios

Physical description

Material: paper

Number of leaves: ii + 70 + ii

Format: upright

Page dimensions: 473 x 323

Quire structure: Text version

Other devices: modern library foliation pencil top right, C1 - C107.

Page details (zoom):

Preparation and Copying

All folios


Disposition of Voice Parts Key

Pricking none visible
Ruled grid always,
single line to left and right, no lines for text
Ruling pattern highly regular
11 pentagrams, very parallel and even
Staves omitted from grid never
Incomplete staves never
Medium and colour of grid Frequency Folios Note
hard point or lead point always
Colour of staves Frequency Folios Note
brown always
Ruling medium Frequency Folios Note
single rastrum always
Indentation for initials Frequency Folios Note
double always staves 1-2 and 7-8, c. 45-60 mm
Extra space between voice parts Frequency Folios Note
empty ruled staves on grid sometimes
Space provided for separate text Frequency Folios Note
no separate text never
Adhoc adaptation Frequency Folios Note
Indentation for initials filled in sometimes
notation and staves extended into margin sometimes notation sometimes extended into right margin to finish a line or for other space reasons, rarely on extended staves
partial additional staves occasionally

Copying of text and music

Language(s) Latin
Order of Copying music first
Presence/absence of text Voice part Frequency Folios Note
fully texted with one text all voice parts always
Colour(s) of notation brown
Type(s) of notation void mensural
Type of notation note slender and strongly pointed rhomboid shape, slightly leaning to the right. Different hands from f. 54v to end.
Monophonic notation absent
Level of calligraphy fair
Line fillers Folios Note
few many extended final notes, but not obviously functioning as line-fillers
Later changes Folios
Some additions on blank pages left over from original production at the end, some openings even by different scribes (see 53v-55r)
Types of script cursive (bastarda)
Types of script note some textura in additions from f. 54 onwards
Level of calligraphy fair
Colour(s) of text brown
Multiple texts yes
Text repetitions fairly few
Abbreviations fairly many
Non underlaid vocal text none
Liminary text Composer ascriptions, regularly. Voice designations, rarely. Residuum indications, occasionally. Canon instructions, rarely.
Later changes From 54v additions by different scribes (albeit starting in the middle of a piece).


Level of Decoration poor
Decoration initial type Frequency Folios Initial type(s) Size position Description Discrepancies
penned initials normally calligraphic , calligraphic with grotesque heads, flourished two-stave initials in indentations for all voices cadel-type initials, some with grotespue heads, some with very modest penflourishing. From f. 54 onwards simple initials (where present at all), often not in indentations but with text below staves.
initials planned occasionally after f. 53v
Other decoration frequency Folios Other decoration type(s) Size position Description Discrepancies
occasionally decorative final long