PRoMs - The Production and Reading of Music Sources

Mise-en-page in manuscripts and printed books containing polyphonic music, 1480—1530

Manuscript: Cambridge, Great Britain, Gonville and Caius College, MS 667/760

Manuscript type: choirbook

RISM siglum: GB-Cgc 667/760

DIAMM Source Key: 225

Image repositories: DIAMM

Folio(s): All folios

Date: Late 1520s

Location of origin: Arundel, Great Britain


Commissioned by Edward Higgons, Master of Arundel College from 1520, probably for the collegiate church of St Stephen's Westminster (Skinner 1995, Skinner 1997). Thereafter apparently returned to the Higgons family. May possibly have entered Lambeth Palace Library, together with the Lambeth Choirbook, as part of gift of books from John Lumley to Richard Bancroft. Donated by William Crowe to Gonville and Caius College Cambridge in 1665.


Person: Anonymous, Anonymous
Person type: scribe

Basis for description: original

Cambridge, Great Britain, Gonville and Caius College, MS 667/760, All folios

Physical description

Material: parchment

Number of leaves: 95

Format: upright

Page dimensions: 715 x 480

Quire structure: Text version

Other devices: Original pagination, 1-189, but usually only odd-numbered pages have numbers.

Page details (zoom):

Preparation and Copying

All folios


Disposition of Voice Parts Key

Pricking none visible
Ruled grid none visible
Ruling pattern fairly regular
Staves omitted from grid often
Incomplete staves sometimes,
pp. 4, 5, 11, 19, 32, 33, 45, 66, 67, 79, 128, 130, 132, 167, 170, 171, 173, 177
Medium and colour of grid Frequency Folios Note
n/a always
Colour of staves Frequency Folios Note
brown always
Ruling medium Frequency Folios Note
straightedge always
Indentation for initials Frequency Folios Note
single normally
double occasionally
Extra space between voice parts Frequency Folios Note
variable space, not on grid normally
Space provided for separate text Frequency Folios Note
no separate text always
Adhoc adaptation Frequency Folios Note
partial additional staves occasionally pp. 4, 5, 11, 19, 32, 33, 45, 66, 67, 79, 128, 130, 132, 167, 170, 171, 173, 177

Copying of text and music

Language(s) Latin
Order of Copying music first
Presence/absence of text Voice part Frequency Folios Note
fully texted with one text all voice parts always
Colour(s) of notation black
Type(s) of notation full mensural
Type of notation note English style, squat symmetrical teardrop shaped notation. With void coloration.
Monophonic notation absent
Level of calligraphy high
Text 1
Types of script cursive (Anglicana)
Types of script note with textura elements
Level of calligraphy high
Colour(s) of text black
Multiple texts no
Text repetitions none
Abbreviations some
Non underlaid vocal text none
Liminary text No voice designations
Later changes Replacement of torn out lower corner of fol. 1 with piece of parchment and missing notation
Text 2
Types of script display script
Types of script size position Composer ascriptions above recto page. Composition title above verso page. 'Gimel' indications in left margin.
Level of calligraphy high
Colour(s) of text black red blue


Level of Decoration fair
Decoration miniature frequency Folios Size position Description Discrepancies
rarely p. 61, 159 p. 61 above top stave p. 159: between C and T. p. 61: small fly p. 159: small grasshopper
Decoration border frequency Border type Folios Size Position Description Discrepancies
occasionally decorated partial borders: two-sided outer margin, upper margin
Decoration initial type Frequency Folios Initial type(s) Size position Description Discrepancies
painted initials always decorated, historiated, zoomorphic initial various types of two-line (at the beginning of compositions and movements) and one-line (at the beginning of subsections) initials, mostly over red or rose paint, on a wide variety of backgrounds incorporating flowers, birds, and geometrical shapes. Historiated initials include a mermaid with mirror (pp. 23 and 57); a man beating a frying-pan with a ladle, with the legend ‘John Coke’ (p. 44); a Garter with the legend ‘hony soyt que male y pense’ (p. 60); and a fox wearing a green coat and cowl, holding a crozier, with the legend ‘ffryer foxe’ and, in the initial beneath, the legend ‘The foxe is next kynne to A ffryer […] itt’ (p. 93). A full list of the illuminations is provided by Bowers in [[Fenlon 1982]], pp. 126-27.
Other decoration frequency Folios Other decoration type(s) Size position Description Discrepancies
sometimes decorative final long