PRoMs - The Production and Reading of Music Sources

Mise-en-page in manuscripts and printed books containing polyphonic music, 1480—1530

Manuscript: Florence, Italy, Biblioteca Nazionale Centrale, MS II.I.232 (olim Magliabechi XIX.58)

Manuscript type: choirbook

RISM siglum: I-Fn 232

DIAMM Source Key: 1412

Folio(s): All folios

Date: c. 1515-1521

Copied after 1514, date of the death of Anne of Brittany, as it includes Mouton's Lamentation composed on this occasion (no. 58); c. 1515 according to Rifkin Census-Catalogue||, c. 1516-1521 according to [[Cummings 1983.

Location of origin: Florence, Italy


1. the Gaddi library, begun by Angelo di Zanobi Gaddi (d. 1474); 2. sold by Gasparo Gaddi in 1755: former shelfmark 'Gaddi N. 1113'; 3. purchased with the Gaddi library by Francis I (Francis Stephen), Grand Duke of Tuscany and Holy Roman Emperor (b. 1708, d. 1865) and donated by him to the Biblioteca Magliabechiana; 4. the Biblioteca Magliabechiana, in 1861 formed the core of the Biblioteca Nazionale Centrale: bookplate with the former shelfmark 'Magl. XIX. 58' and a note 'Provenienza Gaddi no. 1113' (pasted inside the front cover).


Person: Anonymous, Anonymous
Person type: scribe
Location of origin: Florence, Italy
Note: All music and most text copied by a single scribe; according to <a href="/bibliography/#entry446" data-tooltip="" class="has-tip tip-top reference" data-placement="top" rel="tooltip" data-original-title="" title="Cummings, Anthony M., 'A Florentine Sacred Repertory from the Medici Restoration (Manuscript II. I. 232 [Olim Magi. XIX. 58; Gaddi 1113] of the Biblioteca Nazionale Centrale, Florence): Bibliography and History', Acta Musicologica, 55 (1983), 267&ndash;332"><i class="fa fa-book"></i>Cummings 1983</a>, several additional scribes were involved in the copying as well.


Kade 1877; Adler 1894–1970, XXVIII, 172, passim; Smijers 1935, 180-1; MGG1, VI, 1424-5, X, 1694, Tafel 63, Schmitz et al. 1955–, VIII, 144, 149ff, 160ff; Lowinsky 1957, 120-59; Becherini 1959, 21-2; Picker 1960, 353; Drake 1972, 169-72; Finscher 1977, 472-3, 479; Census-Catalogue 1979-88, I, 216; Jonas 1983, II, 8, 76-90; Cummings 1983; Boorman 1983, 90, 107-9.

Basis for description: original

Florence, Italy, Biblioteca Nazionale Centrale, MS II.I.232 (olim Magliabechi XIX.58), All folios

Physical description

Material: paper

Number of leaves: iv + III + 200 + iv

Format: upright

Page dimensions: 420 x 290

Quire structure: Text version

Index / Table of Contents: Original alphabetical index (possibly by the main text scribe), f. IIIv:
Angeli archangeli a 6 Yzach C 14
Alma redemptoris mater a 4 Josqn. C 78
Anima mea liquefacta e[st] a 4 Yzach C 90
Alma redemptoris m[ate]r a 4 Iosqn. C 110
Ave maria gratia plena a 4 Iosqn. C 112
Alma redemptoris m[ate]r a 4 Yzach C 114
Ave ancilla trinitatis a 4 Yzach C 151
Ave regina coeli a 4 Erasmus C 191

Bona vita bonarefectio a 4 Jo: Mouto[n] C 44
Bonitatem fecisti a 4 Carpentras C 181
Considera israel a 4 Petrus d[e] la Rue C 104
Crux triumphans a 4 Luiset C 119
Christum regem regu[m] a 4 Io Mouto[n] C 156
Credido p[ro]p[e] q[uod] locutus su[m] a 4 Eustachius C 174
Ergo sancti martyres a 4 Agricola C 85
Et in terra pax hominib[us] a 4 Iosqn. C 125
Ecce maria genuit nob[is] falva[to]re[m] a 4 Io: M[out]on C 155
Factor orbis a 5 Obrech C 18
Foelix naque est sacra virgo ma. a 4 Io. M[out]on C 41
Factum e[st] silentiu[m] a 4 Io: Mouton C 49
Gaude Barbara beata a 4 Io: Mouto[n] C 164
Huc me sydereo a 6 Iosquin C 9
Homo quidam a 4 Obrech C 121
In illo temp[or]e assumpsite ih[esu]s a 4 Ninot C 68
Iubilate deo omnis terra a 4 Carpentras C 99
In no[m]i[n]e ih[es]u omne genu flectat[ur] a 4 Luiset C 138
In illo tempore extollens vocem a 4 C 153
In convertendo d[omi]n[u]s a 4 Eustachi[us] C 171
Liber generationis a 4 Iosquin C 52
Laudate d[om]ini de coelis a 4 Brumel C 63
Missus est gabriel a 4 Iosquin C94
Miserere mei deus a 4 Carpentras C 158
Misericordias d[omi]ni a 4 Iosquin C 167
Memor esto a 4 Iosquin C 177
O admirabile co[m]menui a 4 Iosquin C 36
O bone et dulcis domine a 4 Iosquin C 118
Obite basili confesoris a 4 Obrech C 147
O crux ave spes unica a 4 Agric[ol]a C 198
Patrem omnipotente a 6 Ysach C 2
Per lignum salvi f[a]cti sumus a 5 Io m[out]on? C 31
Propheturum maxime a 4 Yzach C 32
Planxit aut. dd ? a 4 Ninot C 58
Psallite noe a 4 Ninot C 75
Passio d[omi]ni n[ost]ri y[hesu] x[rist]i a 4 Longual C 131
Puer nat[us] est nobis a 4 Io: M[out]on C 188
Quis dabit capiti meo aqua[m] a 4 Yzach C 80
Que e[st] ista que ascendit a 4 Yzach C 82
Que e[st] ista que processe a 4 Brumel C 87
Quis dabit pacem a 4 Yzach C 129
Quis dabit occulis n[ost]ris a 4 Io: m[out]on C186
Regem confessorum d[o]m[i]ni a 4 Io: Mouto[n] C 193
Stabat mater dolorosa a 5 Iosqn. C 23
Sufficiebat nob[is] a 4 Richafort C 48
Si oblitus fuero a 4 Ninot C 71
Sub tuu[m] presidiu[m] a 4 Brumel C 89
Sustinuimus pacem a 4 Yzach C 96
Si bona suscepim[us] a 4 [name erased] C 102
Spem in alium a 4 [name erased] C 109
Salve mr. salvatoris a 4 Io: m[out]on C 154
Tota pulchra es amica mea a 4 Yzach C 93
Virginum egregia a 5 Luiset Comp[ere] C 27

Other devices: 1. Original ink foliation, recto top right, partly trimmed off, 1-200.
2. Modern pencil foliation, recto top right, 1-200 (only those pages where the original foliation has become illegible through trimming, but including the erroneous rebinding of ff. 180 and 186)
3. Modern pencil foliation, verso bottom right, 1-13 (including original flyleaves).
Four watermarks: 1. similar to Briquet no. 492; 2. similar to Briquet nos. 204-205; 3) similar to Briquet no. 4835 (first original flyleaf only); 4. fleur-de-lis (second original flyleaf only).

Page details (zoom):

Preparation and Copying

All folios


Disposition of Voice Parts Key

Pricking none visible
Ruled grid always
Ruling pattern highly regular
Staves omitted from grid never
Incomplete staves never
Medium and colour of grid Frequency Folios Note
brown ink always Justification lines only; no text lines.
Colour of staves Frequency Folios Note
brown always
Ruling medium Frequency Folios Note
single rastrum always
Indentation for initials Frequency Folios Note
none always Indentation of music and text over ruled staves.
Extra space between voice parts Frequency Folios Note
empty ruled staves on grid often
Space provided for separate text Frequency Folios Note
no separate text normally
Adhoc adaptation Frequency Folios Note
partial additional staves rarely 69r
notation and staves extended into margin rarely
notation extended into margin occasionally

Copying of text and music

Language(s) French, Latin
Order of Copying music first
Presence/absence of text Voice part Frequency Folios Note
fully texted with one text all except altus rarely 1v-3r
partially texted with one text altus rarely 1v-3r
fully texted with one text all voice parts normally 3v-13r, 17v-22r, 26v-47r, 48v-95r, 98v-123r, 192v-200r
fully texted with one text all except bassus rarely 13v-15r
untexted bassus rarely 13v-15r
fully texted with one text all except tenor rarely 15v-17r, 22v-26r, 47v-48r
untexted tenor primus rarely 15v-17r
provided with single incipit tenor primus rarely 22v-26r, 47v-48r
untexted all voice parts rarely 96v-98r, 123v-124r
fully texted and provided with incipit discantus rarely 95v-96r
fully texted with one text all except discantus rarely 95v-96r
fully texted with one text discantus and tenor rarely 146v-148r
provided with one or two incipits all except discantus and tenor rarely 95v-96r
provided with single incipit all except discantus rarely 148v-150r, 152v-153r
fully texted with one text discantus rarely 148v-150r
partially texted with one text discantus rarely 152v-153r
Colour(s) of notation brown
Type(s) of notation void mensural
Type of notation note Rhomboid-shaped noteheads.
Monophonic notation absent
Level of calligraphy high
Non verbal performance instructions Folios Note
signes-de-renvoi 39v-40r, 47v-48r, 67v-68r, 76v-77r, 92v-93r, 120v-121r, 130v-131r Symbols take form of birds on ff. 67v-68r, and as head with bird-like hat on ff. 92v-93r.
coronae frequent
signa congruentiae 17v-18r, 31r, 78r, 79r
repeat signs 81r
Line fillers Folios Note
Later changes Folios
Corrected music added on staves, on slips of paper pasted over the original music; each slip removed after conservation and attached on Japanese paper at one side only in order to make the original music visible. 26r, 54v, 188v, 198r
Text 1
Types of script roman
Types of script size position Names of composers in the upper margins
Level of calligraphy high
Colour(s) of text brown
Multiple texts no
Text repetitions none
Abbreviations few
Text 2
Types of script cursive (italic)
Types of script size position Underlaid text
Level of calligraphy high
Colour(s) of text brown
Multiple texts no
Text repetitions few
Abbreviations very few
Non underlaid vocal text none
Liminary text 'Verte', occasionally. 'Canon in subdiathessaron' f. 31r Tacet instruction, f. 53v, 80v, 105v, 106v, 147v


Level of Decoration fair
Decoration initial type Frequency Folios Initial type(s) Size position Description Discrepancies
penned initials rarely f. 51v historiated Discantus (Liber generationis) Calligraphic initial 'L'(iber) including a depiction of Jesse with a branch growing from his head and two heads of representatives of later generation of Israel at his sides.
penned initials normally calligraphic with decoration Beginning of voice parts; sometimes omitted at the beginning of discantus. Partly in indentation over ruled staves, but largely in the left margin. Calligraphic initials with penwork decoration, often including floral motives, sometimes highlighted in brownish yellow or (ff. 81v-82r only) green. Initials in the form of a tree branch (ff. 138r, 143r)
penned initials sometimes ff. 12v, 23r-23v, 31v, 33v, 50r, 58v, 62v, 65v-67r, 69v, 72v-73r, 74v, 76v, 79v, 80v-82v, 92r, 93v, 96v, 102v, 104r-104v, 107v, 110v-111v, 113r, 121v, 122v, 123v-124v, 125v-128v, 130r, 142v, 146v, 150r, 151v, 153v, 154v, 156v-157v, 158v, 164v, 171r169v, calligraphic with grotesque heads 171v, 172v, 173r, 176v, 180v, 183v, 191v, 192v Beginning of some voice parts. Partly in indentation over ruled staves, but largely in the left margin. Calligraphic initials with penwork decoration including profile heads or floral masks of human faces, and occasionally dragons Initials decorated with a bust of a winged putto (f. 78v) and a crowned man emerging from a shell (f. 142v); initial including an animal mask (f. 81v) and dragons (ff. 62v, 65v, 102v, 123v, 125v, 127v, 150r, 164v, 171r, 173r)