PRoMs - The Production and Reading of Music Sources

Mise-en-page in manuscripts and printed books containing polyphonic music, 1480—1530

Manuscript: Frankfurt am Main, Germany, Stadt- und Universitätsbibliothek, Mus. Hs 2° 2

Manuscript type: choirbook

RISM siglum: D-F Mus. Fol. 2

DIAMM Source Key: 1139

Image repositories: Frankfurt UB

Folio(s): All folios

Date: c. 1510-20

Location of origin: Germany (South), Germany


Based on the way the pages are prepared (which is basically similar to the Munich choirbooks and D-W A Aug. 2°) and the Central European layout with the B below the D and the T below the A, almost certainly from (Southern) Germany, but unclear where and for whom.


Person: Anonymous, Anonymous
Person type: None


Bredehorn/Powitz 1979

Basis for description: high-quality image

Frankfurt am Main, Germany, Stadt- und Universitätsbibliothek, Mus. Hs 2° 2, All folios

Physical description

Material: parchment

Number of leaves: i + 113 + i

Format: upright

Page dimensions: 545 x 365

Quire structure: Text version

Other devices: 1. Traces of (modern?) pencil foliation, recto top right, entered after the loss of the opening folios of each piece, but before any further folios were removed.
2. Modern library foliation, pencil top right

Page details (zoom):

Preparation and Copying

All folios


Disposition of Voice Parts Key

Pricking none visible
Ruled grid always,
single line to left and right, double line for text
Ruling pattern variable
flexible on 10-stave grid
Staves omitted from grid often
Incomplete staves often,
staves end where musical notation ends
Medium and colour of grid Frequency Folios Note
hard point or lead point always
Colour of staves Frequency Folios Note
black always
Ruling medium Frequency Folios Note
single rastrum always
Indentation for initials Frequency Folios Note
single always initials only, 'residuum' in left margin without indentation of staves or music
Extra space between voice parts Frequency Folios Note
staves not ruled on grid normally
Space provided for separate text Frequency Folios Note
no separate text always
Adhoc adaptation Frequency Folios Note
notation and staves extended into margin often

Copying of text and music

Language(s) Latin
Order of Copying music first
Presence/absence of text Voice part Frequency Folios Note
fully texted with one text all voice parts always Cantus firmus voices with ordinary text only
Colour(s) of notation black
Type(s) of notation void mensural
Type of notation note rhomboid shaped
Monophonic notation absent
Level of calligraphy high
Types of script textura
Level of calligraphy high
Colour(s) of text black
Multiple texts no
Text repetitions very few
Abbreviations fairly many
Non underlaid vocal text none
Liminary text Canonic instructions, occasionally


Level of Decoration fair
Decoration miniature frequency Folios Size position Description Discrepancies
none visible presumably on excised folios
Decoration initial type Frequency Folios Initial type(s) Size position Description Discrepancies
penned initials normally calligraphic , flourished cadel-type initials in red, black, green, and blue; some penflourishing
Other decoration frequency Folios Other decoration type(s) Size position Description Discrepancies
often littera notabilior 'Residuum' rubrics in left margin same type of script as verbal text, but in red, bigger and more ornate